The PRWIRE Press Releases https:// 2010-02-03T00:24:37Z Study confirms serotonin link to SIDS fatalities 2010-02-03T00:24:37Z study-confirms-serotonin-link-to-sids-fatalities A new study has confirmed the link between serotonin abnormalities and Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), bringing researchers a step closer to a cure for the fatal condition.It is the first study to show that brainstem levels of serotonin and its biosynthetic enzyme are lower in infants who have died of SIDS, further indicating that SIDS is an abnormality of the function of the body. The study, published today in the Journal of the American Medical Association, was led by Australian researcher Dr Jhodie Duncan from the Florey Neuroscience Institutes, with colleagues at the Children’s Hospital in Boston.Dr Duncan said the research could lead to the development of a ‘biomarker’ to identify children with lower than normal serotonin and TPH2 levels, potentially leading to intervention strategies to prevent SIDS.“Up to this point many researchers have grappled with whether serotonin production in SIDS infants was more, less or the same as in unaffected children,” said Dr Duncan.“Our study has proven that in infants dying of SIDS there is lower TPH2 levels and reduced serotonin production and we believe that research models can now be developed that focus on increasing serotonin production and uptake.”Dr Duncan conducted the study in Professor Hannah Kinney’s laboratory while on the exclusive NHMRC CJ Martin Fellowship to the United States. “SIDS currently takes the life of 1 in every 2,000 infants. Massive national campaigns decades ago highlighted the risks associated with particular sleeping positions for infants under one year of age. “Those initial campaigns worked to reduce SIDS related deaths substantially, but over the past decade the numbers have plateaued,” she said.“We hope this research takes us a step closer to a cure.”<ends> Australia takes lead role in international accounting ethics 2010-01-27T05:47:00Z australia-takes-lead-role-in-international-accounting-ethics-3 Australia takes lead role in international accounting ethics Australia is set to have significantly more influence in setting international standards for the ethical and professional conduct of accountants. This follows the appointment of APESB (Accounting Professional and Ethical Standards Board) chairperson Kate Spargo to the International Ethics Standards Board for Accountants (IESBA), bringing the number of Australians on the 18-member body to three. As an independent, public interest member of the global ethical and professional standards setter, Spargo says it is highly advantageous that the Australian accounting profession and business community influences the international agenda. “Geographically we’re a long away from the action but we actually have some of the most sophisticated professional and ethical standards of any country,” Spargo explains. Spargo was appointed as the inaugural chairperson of APESB in 2007 and has a strong track record as non-executive director of several high-profile Australian organisations. She says involvement at the international level will ensure APESB remains a leading standards setter. “With the pace of convergence towards international accounting and auditing standards gathering momentum, international bodies like IESBA have an important role to play in promoting consistent global guidelines for ethical and professional practice,” Spargo adds. The APESB approach to standards development has attracted overseas interest, particularly the unique standards it has developed around issues such as forensic accounting, insolvency and due diligence committee sign off. Kate Spargo has been a non-executive director for more than 10 years, mainly in the finance, infrastructure and professional services sectors. APESB is an independent body that sets the code of ethics and professional standards by which members of Australia’s three professional accounting bodies are required to abide. IESBA is one of four Boards of the International Federation of accountants (IFAC), the global organisation for the accountancy profession.